Melasma treatment option includes:
Hydroquinone: A person can apply hydroquinone lotion directly to melasma to lighten the skin. Most medical aestheticians often use hydroquinone as the first line of treatment for melasma. Hydroquinone is available as a lotion, cream, or gel. A person may apply the hydroquinone product directly to the patches of skin that are discoloured. Hydroquinone is available over the counter, but a medical aesthetician can also prescribe stronger creams. Hydroquinone works by lightening the colour of the skin patches.
Combined creams: In some scenarios, a dermatologist may choose to prescribe creams that contain tretinoin, corticosteroids, and hydroquinone in one. These are called triple creams.
Corticosteroids and tretinoin: Corticosteroids and tretinoin come in creams, lotions, or gels. Both corticosteroids and tretinoin can help lighten the colour of the skin patches. In addition to or instead of other medicated creams, a medical aesthetician may also prescribe azelaic acid or kojic acid. These acids work to lighten the dark areas of the skin.
Non-invasive cosmetic procedures: These are the most effective treatment options for this skin condition. If you live in the United Kingdom and are looking to save money on the cost of melasma treatment, you should opt directly for cosmetic procedures.
Effective non-invasive treatments for this skin condition include:
- Laser treatment
- Chemical peel
- Light therapy
If you have had melasma before, you can try to avoid triggering this skin condition by:
- Wearing a hat when outside.
- Limiting sun exposure.
- Using sunscreen.